There are approximately 20.9 million victims of modern day slavery in our world. Human trafficking, often referenced as modern day slavery, can be defined in three segments. An act, a means, and a purpose. The process of trafficking another human begins with force or coercion, followed by transportation and resulting with free labor and/or sexual exploitation. When focusing on the United States, groups tackling the war on human trafficking can be classified as one of two distinguishable categories: federal law and their enforces or local community organizations. With the federal law and their enforces using a trafficker-orientated method, there are often high tensions between local community organizations that use a victim-orientated approach. If the federal government adapted the methods of these organizations, a greater amount of justice would be reached.
My paper will first give a deeper background of human trafficking, specifically in the context of the United States. With the use of, “Hidden in Plain Sight: Human Trafficking in the United States” the confusion between trafficking and illegal immigration will be cleared up. After this my paper will go into analyzing federal laws and law enforcers’ efforts. With statistics and conclusions drawn from, “When farmworkers and advocates see trafficking, but law enforcement does not: challenges in identifying labor trafficking in North Carolina” it will be revealed that law enforcement struggles with identifying human trafficking. More faults of law enforcement will be revealed from Farrell, Owens and Devitt’s study and other sources. Focusing next on local community organizations, their use of a successful victim-orientated approach will be analyzed. The tensions present between law enforcement and these local organizations due to law enforcements’ trafficker-orientated method will be analyzed next with the use of “Hidden in Plain Sight: Human Trafficking in the United States” and “Assisting Victims of Human Trafficking: Strategies to Facilitate Identification, Exit from Trafficking, and the Restoration of Wellness”. Once both groups are evaluated, I will suggest a slightly modified approach law enforcement could learn to better decrease the overall number of victims of human trafficking.